api.go 14.5 KB
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package server
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import (
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	"encoding/json"
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	"fmt"
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	"io/ioutil"
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	"net"
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	"net/http"
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	"os"
	"path/filepath"
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	"reflect"
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	"runtime"
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	"runtime/debug"
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	"strings"
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	"time"
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	"github.com/go-errors/errors"
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	"github.com/privacybydesign/gabi"
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	"github.com/privacybydesign/irmago"
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	"github.com/privacybydesign/irmago/internal/fs"
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	"github.com/sirupsen/logrus"
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	prefixed "github.com/x-cray/logrus-prefixed-formatter"
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)

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var Logger *logrus.Logger = logrus.StandardLogger()

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// Configuration contains configuration for the irmaserver library and irmad.
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type Configuration struct {
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	// irma_configuration. If not given, this will be popupated using SchemesPath.
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	IrmaConfiguration *irma.Configuration `json:"-"`
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	// Path to IRMA schemes to parse into IrmaConfiguration (only used if IrmaConfiguration == nil).
	// If left empty, default value is taken using DefaultSchemesPath().
	// If an empty folder is specified, default schemes (irma-demo and pbdf) are downloaded into it.
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	SchemesPath string `json:"schemes_path" mapstructure:"schemes_path"`
	// If specified, schemes found here are copied into SchemesPath (only used if IrmaConfiguration == nil)
	SchemesAssetsPath string `json:"schemes_assets_path" mapstructure:"schemes_assets_path"`
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	// Disable scheme updating
	DisableSchemesUpdate bool `json:"disable_schemes_update" mapstructure:"disable_schemes_update"`
	// Update all schemes every x minutes (default value 0 means 60) (use DisableSchemesUpdate to disable)
	SchemesUpdateInterval int `json:"schemes_update" mapstructure:"schemes_update"`
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	// Path to issuer private keys to parse
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	IssuerPrivateKeysPath string `json:"privkeys" mapstructure:"privkeys"`
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	// Issuer private keys
	IssuerPrivateKeys map[irma.IssuerIdentifier]*gabi.PrivateKey `json:"-"`
	// URL at which the IRMA app can reach this server during sessions
	URL string `json:"url" mapstructure:"url"`
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	// Required to be set to true if URL does not begin with https:// in production mode.
	// In this case, the server would communicate with IRMA apps over plain HTTP. You must otherwise
	// ensure (using eg a reverse proxy with TLS enabled) that the attributes are protected in transit.
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	DisableTLS bool `json:"disable_tls" mapstructure:"disable_tls"`
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	// (Optional) email address of server admin, for incidental notifications such as breaking API changes
	// See https://github.com/privacybydesign/irmago/tree/master/server#specifying-an-email-address
	// for more information
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	Email string `json:"email" mapstructure:"email"`
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	// Enable server sent events for status updates (experimental; tends to hang when a reverse proxy is used)
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	EnableSSE bool `json:"enable_sse" mapstructure:"enable_sse"`
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	// Logging verbosity level: 0 is normal, 1 includes DEBUG level, 2 includes TRACE level
	Verbose int `json:"verbose" mapstructure:"verbose"`
	// Don't log anything at all
	Quiet bool `json:"quiet" mapstructure:"quiet"`
	// Output structured log in JSON format
	LogJSON bool `json:"log_json" mapstructure:"log_json"`
	// Custom logger instance. If specified, Verbose, Quiet and LogJSON are ignored.
	Logger *logrus.Logger `json:"-"`
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	// Production mode: enables safer and stricter defaults and config checking
	Production bool `json:"production" mapstructure:"production"`
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}

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type SessionPackage struct {
	SessionPtr *irma.Qr `json:"sessionPtr"`
	Token      string   `json:"token"`
}

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// SessionResult contains session information such as the session status, type, possible errors,
// and disclosed attributes or attribute-based signature if appropriate to the session type.
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type SessionResult struct {
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	Token       string                       `json:"token"`
	Status      Status                       `json:"status"`
	Type        irma.Action                  `json:"type"'`
	ProofStatus irma.ProofStatus             `json:"proofStatus,omitempty"`
	Disclosed   [][]*irma.DisclosedAttribute `json:"disclosed,omitempty"`
	Signature   *irma.SignedMessage          `json:"signature,omitempty"`
	Err         *irma.RemoteError            `json:"error,omitempty"`
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	Legacy bool `json:"-"` // true if request was started with legacy (i.e. pre-condiscon) session request
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}

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// Status is the status of an IRMA session.
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type Status string

const (
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	StatusInitialized Status = "INITIALIZED" // The session has been started and is waiting for the client
	StatusConnected   Status = "CONNECTED"   // The client has retrieved the session request, we wait for its response
	StatusCancelled   Status = "CANCELLED"   // The session is cancelled, possibly due to an error
	StatusDone        Status = "DONE"        // The session has completed successfully
	StatusTimeout     Status = "TIMEOUT"     // Session timed out
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)
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// Remove this when dropping support for legacy pre-condiscon session requests
func (r *SessionResult) MarshalJSON() ([]byte, error) {
	if !r.Legacy {
		type tmpSessionResult SessionResult
		return json.Marshal((*tmpSessionResult)(r))
	}

	var disclosed []*irma.DisclosedAttribute
	for _, l := range r.Disclosed {
		disclosed = append(disclosed, l[0])
	}
	return json.Marshal(struct {
		Token       string                     `json:"token"`
		Status      Status                     `json:"status"`
		Type        irma.Action                `json:"type"'`
		ProofStatus irma.ProofStatus           `json:"proofStatus,omitempty"`
		Disclosed   []*irma.DisclosedAttribute `json:"disclosed,omitempty"`
		Signature   *irma.SignedMessage        `json:"signature,omitempty"`
		Err         *irma.RemoteError          `json:"error,omitempty"`
	}{r.Token, r.Status, r.Type, r.ProofStatus, disclosed, r.Signature, r.Err})
}

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func (conf *Configuration) PrivateKey(id irma.IssuerIdentifier) (sk *gabi.PrivateKey, err error) {
	sk = conf.IssuerPrivateKeys[id]
	if sk == nil {
		if sk, err = conf.IrmaConfiguration.PrivateKey(id); err != nil {
			return nil, err
		}
	}
	return sk, nil
}

func (conf *Configuration) HavePrivateKeys() (bool, error) {
	var err error
	var sk *gabi.PrivateKey
	for id := range conf.IrmaConfiguration.Issuers {
		sk, err = conf.PrivateKey(id)
		if err != nil {
			return false, err
		}
		if sk != nil {
			return true, nil
		}
	}
	return false, nil
}

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func (status Status) Finished() bool {
	return status == StatusDone || status == StatusCancelled || status == StatusTimeout
}

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// RemoteError converts an error and an explaining message to an *irma.RemoteError.
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func RemoteError(err Error, message string) *irma.RemoteError {
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	var stack string
	Logger.WithFields(logrus.Fields{
		"status":      err.Status,
		"description": err.Description,
		"error":       err.Type,
		"message":     message,
	}).Warnf("Sending session error")
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	if Logger.IsLevelEnabled(logrus.DebugLevel) {
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		stack = string(debug.Stack())
		Logger.Warn(stack)
	}
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	return &irma.RemoteError{
		Status:      err.Status,
		Description: err.Description,
		ErrorName:   string(err.Type),
		Message:     message,
		Stacktrace:  stack,
	}
}

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// JsonResponse JSON-marshals the specified object or error
// and returns it along with a suitable HTTP status code
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func JsonResponse(v interface{}, err *irma.RemoteError) (int, []byte) {
	msg := v
	status := http.StatusOK
	if err != nil {
		msg = err
		status = err.Status
	}
	b, e := json.Marshal(msg)
	if e != nil {
		Logger.Error("Failed to serialize response:", e.Error())
		return http.StatusInternalServerError, nil
	}
	return status, b
}
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// WriteError writes the specified error and explaining message as JSON to the http.ResponseWriter.
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func WriteError(w http.ResponseWriter, err Error, msg string) {
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	WriteResponse(w, nil, RemoteError(err, msg))
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}

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// WriteJson writes the specified object as JSON to the http.ResponseWriter.
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func WriteJson(w http.ResponseWriter, object interface{}) {
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	WriteResponse(w, object, nil)
}

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// WriteResponse writes the specified object or error as JSON to the http.ResponseWriter.
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func WriteResponse(w http.ResponseWriter, object interface{}, rerr *irma.RemoteError) {
	status, bts := JsonResponse(object, rerr)
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	w.Header().Set("Content-Type", "application/json")
	w.WriteHeader(status)
	w.Write(bts)
}
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// WriteString writes the specified string to the http.ResponseWriter.
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func WriteString(w http.ResponseWriter, str string) {
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	Logger.Trace("HTTP text/plain response: ", str)
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	w.Header().Set("Content-Type", "text/plain")
	w.WriteHeader(http.StatusOK)
	w.Write([]byte(str))
}
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// ParseSessionRequest attempts to parse the input as an irma.RequestorRequest instance, accepting (skipping "irma.")
//  - RequestorRequest instances directly (ServiceProviderRequest, SignatureRequestorRequest, IdentityProviderRequest)
//  - SessionRequest instances (DisclosureRequest, SignatureRequest, IssuanceRequest)
//  - JSON representations ([]byte or string) of any of the above.
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func ParseSessionRequest(request interface{}) (irma.RequestorRequest, error) {
	switch r := request.(type) {
	case irma.RequestorRequest:
		return r, nil
	case irma.SessionRequest:
		return wrapSessionRequest(r)
	case string:
		return ParseSessionRequest([]byte(r))
	case []byte:
		var attempts = []irma.Validator{&irma.ServiceProviderRequest{}, &irma.SignatureRequestorRequest{}, &irma.IdentityProviderRequest{}}
		t, err := tryUnmarshalJson(r, attempts)
		if err == nil {
			return t.(irma.RequestorRequest), nil
		}
		attempts = []irma.Validator{&irma.DisclosureRequest{}, &irma.SignatureRequest{}, &irma.IssuanceRequest{}}
		t, err = tryUnmarshalJson(r, attempts)
		if err == nil {
			return wrapSessionRequest(t.(irma.SessionRequest))
		}
		return nil, errors.New("Failed to JSON unmarshal request bytes")
	default:
		return nil, errors.New("Invalid request type")
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	}
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}

func wrapSessionRequest(request irma.SessionRequest) (irma.RequestorRequest, error) {
	switch r := request.(type) {
	case *irma.DisclosureRequest:
		return &irma.ServiceProviderRequest{Request: r}, nil
	case *irma.SignatureRequest:
		return &irma.SignatureRequestorRequest{Request: r}, nil
	case *irma.IssuanceRequest:
		return &irma.IdentityProviderRequest{Request: r}, nil
	default:
		return nil, errors.New("Invalid session type")
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	}
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}

func tryUnmarshalJson(bts []byte, attempts []irma.Validator) (irma.Validator, error) {
	for _, a := range attempts {
		if err := irma.UnmarshalValidate(bts, a); err == nil {
			return a, nil
		}
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	}
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	return nil, errors.New("")
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}
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// LocalIP returns the IP address of one of the (non-loopback) network interfaces
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func LocalIP() (string, error) {
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	// Based on https://play.golang.org/p/BDt3qEQ_2H from https://stackoverflow.com/a/23558495
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	ifaces, err := net.Interfaces()
	if err != nil {
		return "", err
	}
	for _, iface := range ifaces {
		if iface.Flags&net.FlagUp == 0 {
			continue // interface down
		}
		if iface.Flags&net.FlagLoopback != 0 {
			continue // loopback interface
		}
		addrs, err := iface.Addrs()
		if err != nil {
			return "", err
		}
		for _, addr := range addrs {
			var ip net.IP
			switch v := addr.(type) {
			case *net.IPNet:
				ip = v.IP
			case *net.IPAddr:
				ip = v.IP
			}
			if ip == nil || ip.IsLoopback() {
				continue
			}
			ip = ip.To4()
			if ip == nil {
				continue // not an ipv4 address
			}
			return ip.String(), nil
		}
	}
	return "", errors.New("No IP found")
}

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// DefaultSchemesPath returns the default path for IRMA schemes, using XDG Base Directory Specification
// https://specifications.freedesktop.org/basedir-spec/basedir-spec-latest.html:
//  - %LOCALAPPDATA% (i.e. C:\Users\$user\AppData\Local) if on Windows,
//  - $XDG_DATA_HOME if set, otherwise $HOME/.local/share
//  - $XDG_DATA_DIRS if set, otherwise /usr/local/share/ and /usr/share/
//  - then the OSes temp dir (os.TempDir()),
// returning the first of these that exists or can be created.
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func DefaultSchemesPath() string {
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	candidates := make([]string, 0, 8)
	home := os.Getenv("HOME")
	xdgDataHome := os.Getenv("XDG_DATA_HOME")
	xdgDataDirs := os.Getenv("XDG_DATA_DIRS")

	if runtime.GOOS == "windows" {
		appdata := os.Getenv("LOCALAPPDATA") // C:\Users\$user\AppData\Local
		if appdata != "" {
			candidates = append(candidates, appdata)
		}
	}

	if xdgDataHome != "" {
		candidates = append(candidates, xdgDataHome)
	}
	if xdgDataHome == "" && home != "" {
		candidates = append(candidates, filepath.Join(home, ".local", "share"))
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	}
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	if xdgDataDirs != "" {
		candidates = append(candidates, strings.Split(xdgDataDirs, ":")...)
	} else {
		candidates = append(candidates, "/usr/local/share", "/usr/share")
	}
	candidates = append(candidates, filepath.Join(os.TempDir()))

	for i := range candidates {
		candidates[i] = filepath.Join(candidates[i], "irma", "irma_configuration")
	}

	return firstExistingPath(candidates)
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}

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func firstExistingPath(paths []string) string {
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	for _, path := range paths {
		if err := fs.EnsureDirectoryExists(path); err != nil {
			continue
		}
		return path
	}
	return ""
}

func Verbosity(level int) logrus.Level {
	switch {
	case level == 1:
		return logrus.DebugLevel
	case level > 1:
		return logrus.TraceLevel
	default:
		return logrus.InfoLevel
	}
}
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func TypeString(x interface{}) string {
	return reflect.TypeOf(x).String()
}

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func log(level logrus.Level, err error) error {
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	writer := Logger.WithFields(logrus.Fields{"err": TypeString(err)}).WriterLevel(level)
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	if e, ok := err.(*errors.Error); ok && Logger.IsLevelEnabled(logrus.DebugLevel) {
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		_, _ = writer.Write([]byte(e.ErrorStack()))
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	} else {
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		_, _ = writer.Write([]byte(fmt.Sprintf("%s", err.Error())))
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	}
	return err
}

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func LogFatal(err error) error {
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	logger := Logger.WithFields(logrus.Fields{"err": TypeString(err)})
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	// using log() for this doesn't seem to do anything
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	if e, ok := err.(*errors.Error); ok && Logger.IsLevelEnabled(logrus.DebugLevel) {
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		logger.Fatal(e.ErrorStack())
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	} else {
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		logger.Fatalf("%s", err.Error())
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	}
	return err
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}

func LogError(err error) error {
	return log(logrus.ErrorLevel, err)
}

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func LogWarning(err error) error {
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	return log(logrus.WarnLevel, err)
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}

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func LogRequest(method string, uri, proto, recipient string, headers http.Header) {
	fields := logrus.Fields{
		"method":  method,
		"uri":     uri,
		"headers": ToJson(headers),
	}
	if proto != "" {
		fields["proto"] = proto
	}
	if recipient != "" {
		fields["recipient"] = recipient
	}
	Logger.WithFields(fields).Tracef("=> request")
}

func LogResponse(status int, duration time.Duration, response []byte) {
	Logger.WithFields(logrus.Fields{
		"status":   status,
		"duration": duration.String(),
		"response": string(response),
	}).Tracef("<= response")
}

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func ToJson(o interface{}) string {
	bts, _ := json.Marshal(o)
	return string(bts)
}
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func NewLogger(verbosity int, quiet bool, json bool) *logrus.Logger {
	logger := logrus.New()

	if quiet {
		logger.Out = ioutil.Discard
		return logger
	}

	logger.Level = Verbosity(verbosity)
	if json {
		logger.SetFormatter(&logrus.JSONFormatter{})
	} else {
		logger.SetFormatter(&prefixed.TextFormatter{
			FullTimestamp: true,
			DisableColors: runtime.GOOS == "windows",
		})
	}

	return logger
}